Henry Louis Le Chatelier was a French chemist. He was born in 1850. As a child he was learned to follow strictly the order and discipline. He was maintained respect for law. Although he trained as an engineer, his greatest attraction was chemistry.
Le Chatelier’s principle is also called “The Equilibrium Law”. It says:
“When any system at equilibrium for a long period of time is subjected to change in concentration, temperature, volume, or pressure, the system changes to a new equilibrium and this change partly counteracts the applied change.”
“If a chemical system at equilibrium experiences a change in concentration, temperature or total pressure, the equilibrium will shift in order to minimize that change.”
What does actually it mean? How can we interpret this behavior?
This law is first applied to chemical systems. And then – in economics, mechanics and psychology. In economics, the Le Chatelier’s principle is generalized as Economic equilibrium of economic systems. In mechanics, this law is used to explain that the mechanical systems which are put under stress will respond to reduce that stress via its most vulnerable mechanism. In psychology, the intellect is a system that responds (adapts) to the influence of the environment through its development, thus achieving equilibrium with the environment (Piaget, 1960).
What is common for these applications of “The Equilibrium Law”?
1. We have an organized structured system. All parts of the system are connected and interact each other.
2. The system is in equilibrium, which means that it’s stable.
3. When there is an external “stress” influence, the system reacts and changes itself reducing the stress, tending to restore the equilibrium. That response of the system will be via the place (or the way) that most easily relieves the stress.
To summarize, I can say that all systems are tending to equilibrium. Actually that’s an effect of my Equilibrium theory. It seems that material systems are tending to equilibrium, but this is only the visible aspect. What connects and builds material systems is tending to equilibrium. It is in the composition of the systems, but it is also beyond them. This is the space ocean. But that is not so important from practical point of view.
Every system is formed, altered or destroyed due to the tending to equilibrium of the space ocean. This can be caused by internal or external factors for the system. I will make some assumptions:
– Each system is formed in the simplest possible way, such that the system is in equilibrium with the environment (internal and external).
– Every system changes when reacts to “stress” influence, via the place (or the way) that most easily relieves the stress.
– Every system has a breaking point when it reacts to the “stress” influence through its destruction. This happens when the system cannot positively change or adapts to “stress” factors.
“Le Chatelier’s principle”, “The Equilibrium Law” or “The Equilibrium Theory” is a brilliant way to explain how the reality works. My future research will be focused on its practical benefits.
- Piaget, J. Psychology of intelligence. Paterson, New Jersey: LITTLEFIELD, ADAMS & CO, 1960.